Sedation dentistry provides safe, comfortable dental treatment for patients with a high fear of dental care or complex dental problems. Sedation dentistry is a method of managing pain and anxiety during implant surgery though the use of medication.
The three types of sedation dentistry are:
Oral Conscious Sedation
Oral sedation utilizes a pill such as Halcion or Valium that is taken the night before as well as one hour before the procedure. This will cause light sedation. It can help calm and relax you and may even cause you to sleep or be sleepy during the procedure. As with IV sedation, you will need to have an escort that can drive you to and from the office. You will also need to sign the consent to treatment ahead of time because you will not be of a legal state of mind to sign the consent after taking the medicine.
Inhalation sedation uses nitrous oxide (laughing gas) to help your body achieve a relaxed state. Nitrous oxide is breathed in through your nose and makes you feel like you are floating and tingly. This is completely reversible, and once the gas is turned off, the nitrous oxide will be cleared from your system within 2-5 minutes. You can safely drive yourself home after using nitrous oxide.
IV sedation will cause moderate sedation. You will not be totally "out" with IV sedation and can maintain your own airway (breathe on your own), but because of the amnestic properties of the drugs you won't remember much if anything from the implant surgery. In addition, IV sedation facilitates your comfort throughout and following the surgical procedure.